Wto Sps Agreement Principle
The scope of the two agreements is different. The SPS agreement includes all measures aimed at protecting: the WTO secretariat has prepared this text to support the public`s public understanding of the SPS agreement. There are no plans to provide for a legal interpretation of the agreement. While a number of developing countries have excellent food security and veterinary and plant health services, others do not. For these organizations, the requirements of the SPS agreement pose a challenge to improve the health situation of their population, population and crops, which may be difficult for some to meet. As a result of this difficulty, the SPS agreement delayed all requirements, with the exception of transparency requirements (notification and creation of investigative bodies), until 1997 for developing countries and until 2000 for least developed countries. This means that these countries are not required to scientifically justify their health or plant health requirements before that date. Countries that need more time, for example. B to improve their veterinary services or fulfill specific obligations under the agreement, may ask the SPS Committee to grant them further delays. The SPS agreement was intended to fill this potential gap.
It establishes clearer and more detailed rights and obligations on food security and measures for animal and plant health that affect trade. Countries are allowed to set only the requirements necessary for health protection and based on scientific principles. A government may challenge other countries on food safety or veterinary and plant health requirements on the grounds that they are not supported by scientific evidence. Procedures and decisions taken by a country to assess the risk to food or animal safety or plant health must be made available to other countries upon request. Governments must be consistent in their food safety decisions and in addressing human and animal health concerns. Specific plant health and protection requirements are most frequently applied on a bilateral basis between trading countries. Developing countries benefit from the SPS agreement, which provides an international framework for health and plant health arrangements between countries, regardless of their political and economic strength or technological capacity. In the absence of such an agreement, developing countries could be at a disadvantage if they challenge unjustified trade restrictions. In addition, governments must accept, under the SPS agreement, imported products that meet their safety requirements, whether they are the result of simple, less sophisticated methods or advanced technologies. Strengthening technical assistance to developing countries in the area of food security and animal and plant health, both bilateral and international, is also part of the SPS Convention. Who benefits from the implementation of the SPS agreement? Is the agreement in the interest of developing countries? Because GATT focused on tariff reductions, the framework before the SPS agreement was not sufficiently sufficient to deal with the problems of non-tariff barriers (NB) and the need for an independent agreement on this issue became critical.
 The SPS agreement is an ambitious attempt to address NB due to cross-border differences in technical standards, without reducing the prerogative of governments to implement protection measures against diseases and pests.  In the event of a dispute over SPS measures, the group may seek scientific advice, including by convening a group of technical experts.